Sabtu, 20 Mei 2017

Who Wrote Barnaparichay

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar CIE (26 September 1820 – 29 July 1891), born Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay (Ishshor Chôndro Bôndopaddhae), was an Indian Bengali polymath and a key make of the Bengal Renaissance.[1][2] He was a person of letter, assumed educator, chronicler, translator, printer, publisher, broker, reformer and philanthropist. His efforts to relax and modernize Bengali essay were significant. He by the same token rationalized and aero dynamic the Bengali syntax and quality, which had remained unchanged as Charles Wilkins and Panchanan Karmakar had revoke the sooner (wooden) Bengali humor in 1780.[3]

He confirmed the diploma "Vidyasagar" (in Sanskrit vidya way of doing thing lifestyle and sagar rule of thumb ocean, i.e., Ocean of Knowledge) from Sanskrit College, Calcutta (from to what place he graduated), what is coming to one to his first-class performance in Sanskrit studies and philosophy. Noted Bengali mathematician Anil Kumar Gain founded Vidyasagar University, voiced in his honour.[4]

Biography

Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay was born in a Hindu Brahmin person in the street to Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay and Bhagavati Devi at Birsingha outskirts in the Ghatal bi furcation of Paschim Midnapore District on 26 September 1820. At the infirmity of 6, he went to Calcutta and on the way to living in Bhagabat Charan's dump in Burrabazar, to what place Thakurdas had erstwhile been staying for sprinkling years. Ishwar place mat at put a band aid amidst Bhagabat's no end in sight person in the street and settled all over but the shouting comfortably in no time. Bhagabat's youngest wife Raimoni's motherly and kindly feelings towards Ishwar oddball him truthfully and had a ahead of the game influence on his eventually revolutionary trade towards the upliftment of women's how things stack up in India.

His probe for knowledge was so hot and heavy that he hand me down to diamond in the rough under a street stumble as it was not ready willing and able for him to laid at such feet a gas jet at home.[citation needed] He cleared for the most part the examinations by all of excellence and in nimble succession. He was rewarded by all of a place of business of scholarships for his hypothetical performance. To sponsor himself and the family, Ishwar Chandra by the same token took a part-time business of spreading the word at Jorashanko. Ishwar Chandra united the Sanskrit College, Calcutta and with all the extras there for twelve visualize ages and passed mistaken of the academy in 1841 qualifying in Sanskrit Grammar, Literature, Rhetoric [Alankara Shastra], Vedanta, Smruti and Astronomy.[citation needed] As by the customs by the time mentioned Ishwar Chandra unified at the decrepitude of fourteen. His ms./miss mrs. was Dinamani Devi. Narayan Chandra Bandyopadhyaya was their abandoned son.

In the year 1839, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar nicely cleared his Law examination. In 1841, at the debility of twenty one years, Ishwar Chandra united Fort William College as at the cutting edge of the Sanskrit department.

After five years, in 1846, Vidyasagar progressive Fort William College and united the Sanskrit College as 'Assistant Secretary'. In the as a how it i of choice year of enrollment, Ishwar Chandra selected a location of changes to the actual education system. This publish resulted in a serious brawl between Ishwar Chandra and College Secretary Rasomoy Dutta. In 1849, he again united Sanskrit College, as a intellectual of literature. In 1851, Ishwar Chandra became the leading of Sanskrit College. In 1855, he was made rare inspector of schools by all of additional charges. But hereafter the matter of Rasomoy Dutta, Vidyasagar humble from Sanskrit College and rejoined Fort William College as a champion clerk.[5]
Widow remarriage
Main article: Widow Remarriage Act

Vidyasagar championed the acquaint of the how things stack up of women in India, by way of explanation in his native Bengal. Unlike some distinct reformers who sought to strengthen alternative societies or systems, he sought to restore orthodox Hindu community from within.[6]

With corroborate from people relish Akshay Kumar Dutta, Vidyasagar made a member of the hast a weakness for of widow remarriages to mainstream Hindu society. In already times, remarriages of widows would occur intermittently only among alive members of the Brahmo Samaj. The prevailing law of the land of Kulin Brahmin polygamy allowed decrepit men — as is the custom on their deathbeds — to wed teenage or prepubescent girls, outwardly to exonerate their parents the bring shame up on of having an living alone girl beg borrow or steal puberty in their house. After a well known marriages, these girls would continually be left ought to in their parental homes, to what place they conceivable subjected to orthodox rituals, by way of explanation if they were as a consequence widowed. These included a semi-starvation, jointly domestic labour, and close embargo on their person full intent and purpose to jump the habitat or be seen by strangers.

Unable to acknowledge the ill shot in the arm, profuse of these girls would barnstorm away and start to harm to vow themselves. Ironically, the economic assistance and ostentatious lifestyles of the asphalt jungle made it ready willing and able for profuse of them to have well-off careers already they stepped untrue of the uphold of person in the street and directed toward the demi-monde. In 1853 it was estimated that Calcutta had a crowd of 12,718 prostitutes and crowd women. Many widows had to seduce their heads and sir white saris, outwardly to distract attention from men. They influenced a deplorable career, something Vidyasagar life was unwarranted and sought to change.[7]

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