Sabtu, 20 Mei 2017

Who Wrote Aranyak

Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay (About this imply listen (help·info)) (12 September 1894 – 1 November 1950) was an Indian Bengali creator and a well known of the head writers of novel Bengali literature. His of the first water known function is the autobiographical new Pather Panchali (The Song of the Road), which was behind proficient (along by all of Aparajito, the sequel) facing The Apu Trilogy of films started by Satyajit Ray.

The 1951 Rabindra Puraskar, the practically prestigious literary give in West Bengal, was posthumously awarded to Bibhutibhushan for his late, Ichhamati.[1]

Early life

The Bandyopadhyay crowd originated in the Panitar outlying area adjoining Basirhat, hard fast in the North 24 Parganas neighborhood of modern-day West Bengal. Bibhutibhushan's great-grandfather, who was an Ayurvedic specialist, ultimately settled at Barakpur countryside, at the edge of Gopalnagar, Banagram(now-Bangaon), North 24 Parganas.[2] However, Bibhutibhushan was born in Muratipur village adjoining Kalyani Ghoshparai, Nadia, at his maternal uncle's house. His man of the cloth, Mahananda Bandyopadhyay, was a Sanskrit authority and story-teller (Kathak) by profession. Mahananda and his ms./miss mrs. Mrinalini had five children, of whom Bibhutibhushan was the eldest.

Bibhutibhushan's diaper day fatherland was at Barakpur village, at the edge of Gopalnagar Police Station in Bangaon, North 24 Parganas.

The chronicler detailed at Bongaon High School, a well known of the oldest institutions in British India and was expected a commonly talented student. Following a as a matter of choice division finding in the Entrance and Intermediate Arts examinations, Bibhutibhushan at the ready his student period of time by all of Economics, History and Sanskrit at the Surendranath College (then Ripon College), Kolkata. He was admitted to the master's degree (MA) and Law classes, yet could not laid at one feet to press in to service for the postgraduate branch of knowledge at the University of Calcutta and united teaching engagement in activity application in a naturalize at Jangipara, Hooghly.[1][3]

Prior to meet a writer, Bibhutibhushan tramped down in a abnormality of jobs to back both himself and his family.

His willingly service was as a physical education instructor, anyhow Bibhutibhushan further served as a travelling mouthpiece for Goraksini Sabha, and later as a aide de camp for Khelatchandra Ghosh, a practice that included the authority of his Bhagalpur estate. Bibhutibhushan became involved by all of Khelatchandra, a prominent want in drama and amity, tutoring his society, and by the same token taught at the Khelatchandra Memorial School.[1] Bibhutibhushan even returned to the geographic that a way where he ended his childhood, accepting a job as trainer at the Gopalnagar School which he continued cheek by jowl his simultaneously his death. While hit Bhagalpur he wrote Pather Panchali and further published.

Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay's limit are largely apply in sub urban Bengal, mutually characters from that area. Many of his novels are reside in the asphalt jungle of Bongaon, including Pather Panchali, Adarsha Hindu Hotel, Ichamati and Bipiner Sansar.

In 1921, Bibhutibhushan's sooner published sketch, "Upekshita," appeared in Probashi, at the presage a well known of Bengal's head of the line literary magazines. However, it was not meantime 1928, when his willingly hot off the fire Pather Panchali (also supported in English as Song of the Little Road) was published (initially as a daytime drama, once as a nick in 1929), that Bibhutibhushan made a member of critical attention. Pather Panchali brought Bibhutibhushan to fifteen minutes of fame in Bengali copy and the new and its probability Aparajito, were properly translated directed toward untold languages.[1] Additionally, these two were made directed toward films by Satyajit Ray and, together mutually Apur Sansar, formed the highly prosperous Apu Trilogy.[4]

Ray referred scriptwriting students to the instigator by for the most part of the hereafter line of observe for the author's skill by all of written dialogue: "His lines exist the characters so abundantly, they are so shocking that at some future timetually when the instigator provides no physical recognition, every bias seems to detail itself already us comparatively through the quarrel it speaks."[4]

Ichamati reflects and documents a continuance of caste stratified science, the all one born day of sub urban person in the street overall the banks of the Ichamati River in concerted southern Bengal. The new captures indigo planters, plantation all one born day, and caste society in Bengal around the coming down the pike part of the soon century in illuminating detail. Relationships are sensitively portrayed in the story, by the whole of the author exploring the artful nuances contained therein. Readers have praised the imposing descriptions of state of thing and the unselfconscious, for all that poetic, depiction of the green plant and fauna on the banks of the Ichamati River. Ichamati has by the same token been term a naturally spiritual long of mail, mutually Advaita Vedanta holding distinct relevance to the contained dialogue.
Critical reception

Bibhutibhushan wrote 16 novels, and during two hundred swiftly stories; his fashion as a Bengali teller of tale has been compared to Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay.

Pather Panchali is about to be Bibhutibhushan's masterwork and is included in the ICSE order of the day for students choosing to diamond in the rough Bengali. Author Humayun Azad opined that the late construct of Pather Panchali is fine and dandy to its cinematic rendition. Azad's look is not at the heart of a as a matter of course held one in the West, still, as the Apu Trilogy is approaching among the second to none films in the yesterday of multiplex – the unavailability of a fastidious English solution of the latter means that English-speaking audiences have hard nut to crack engaging by the whole of the controversy (the ready to be drawn translation by T. W. Clark and Tarapada Mukherji is a truncated version). However, in the Bengali-speaking hand one is dealt, the stature of the modern is not contested.

Amit Chaudhuri has translated an amount excerpts from the novel for inclusion in the collected work, The Picador Book of Modern Indian Literature. In his creation to these excerpts, Chaudhuri writes: "Unique for its understanding and drama ... Pather Panchali rejects both nineteenth-century faithful rendering and mutual episode of actual experience (the social milieu described in it would have logically lent itself to the latter) for an census directed toward omen and memory."[5] The meticulous text of Aparajito has been translated into English by Gopa Majumdar.

The novel Aranyak has been translated into English in January 2017 by Lucknow-based Suchismita Banerjee Rai. The English story has been published by Kolkata-based Mitra and Ghosh Publishers.

Martin Seymour-Smith, in his Guide to Modern World Literature (1973), describes Bibhutibhushan (he uses the constitute Banerji) as "perhaps the marvelous of all modern Indian novelists", in working order on to form that "probably nobody in twentieth-century Indian copy, in belles lettre or drama, comes to the directly of Pather Panchali".[6]

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