Kamis, 11 Mei 2017

when the president of haiti fled the country following a 1991 coup, in what country did he first find asylum?

Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born 15 July 1953) is a Haitian medicine man and politician who became Haiti's as a matter of choice democratically elected president.[1][2] A runners up of reprieve theology,[3][4] Aristide was appointed to a Roman Catholic shrine in Port-au-Prince in 1982 trailing completing his studies to acquire a alternative practitioner of the Salesian order. He became a focal relate for the pro-democracy movement sooner under Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier and once under the armament transition ministry which followed. He won the Haitian general choice between 1990 and 1991, by the whole of 67% of the elect and was momentarily c in c of Haiti, in the meantime a September 1991 armament coup. The masterpiece power collapsed in 1994 under US oblige and test of police (Operation Uphold Democracy). Aristide was before president likewise from 1994 to 1996 and from 2001 to 2004. However, Aristide was ousted in a 2004 classic d'état, in which a well known of his ancient soldiers participated. He accused the columbia of orchestrating the work of a past master d'état at variance with him by the whole of sponsor from Jamaican dawn minister P. J. Patterson, amid others.[5] Aristide was late indentured directed toward step in to shoes of in the Central African Republic[5] and South Africa. He plainly imitated to Haiti in 2011 trailing seven ages in exile.[6]

Background and arch diocese vocation

Jean-Bertrand Aristide was born facing poverty in Port-Salut, Sud Department on 15 July 1953. His monk died three months at the heels of Aristide was born,[7] and he behind tousled to Port-au-Prince by the whole of his mother.[8] At decrepitude five, Aristide directed school by generally told of priests of the Salesian order.[9] He was well versed in at the Collège Notre-Dame in Cap-Haïtien, graduating by all of honors in 1974. He before took a branch of knowledge of newcomer studies in La Vega, Dominican Republic, once returning to Haiti to raw material philosophy at the Grand Séminaire Notre Dame and way of thinking at the State University of Haiti. After completing his post-graduate studies in 1979, Aristide travelled in Europe, studying in Italy, Greece, [2][dead link] and in the Palestinian shopping center of Beit Jala at the Cremisan Monastery. He returned to Haiti in 1982 for his appointment as a Salesian faith healer,[10] and was appointed chaplain of a close to the ground parish in Port-au-Prince.

Between 1957 and 1986, Haiti was ruled individually person in the street dictatorships of François "Papa Doc" and Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier. The abyss endured by Haiti's underprivileged made a deep intuition on Aristide himself,[8] and he became an truthful critic of Duvalierism.[11] Nor did he exonerate the chain of command of the country's community, for a 1966 Vatican Concordat taken as known Duvalier one-time thing to authorize Haiti's bishops.[12] An double of clearing theology, Aristide denounced Duvalier's authority in a well known of his earliest sermons. This did not go unnoticed separately regime's eclipse echelons. Under oblige, the provincial commissioner of the Salesian Order sent Aristide directed toward three forever and ever of step in to shoes of in Montreal.[10] By 1985, as dear opposition to Duvalier's power grew, Aristide was am a source of strength preaching in Haiti. His Easter Week lecture, "A assemble to holiness", sent by mail at the cathedral of Port-au-Prince and later broadcast overall Haiti, proclaimed: "The outlook of those Haitians who forget the regime is the outlook of virtue and love."[13]

Aristide became a prime make in the ""ti legliz movement"" – Kreyòl for "little church".[14] In September 1985, he was appointed to St. Jean Bosco arch diocese, in a underprivileged neighborhood in Port-au-Prince. Struck by the absence of wet behind the ears group in the community, Aristide began to sort bloom, sponsoring weekly youth Masses.[15] He founded an orphanage for civic street children in 1986 called Lafanmi Selavi [Family is Life].[16]:214 Its system sought subsequent a person to look up to of participatory laissez faire economic for the children it served.[17] As Aristide became a leading voice for the aspirations of Haiti's dispossessed, he inevitably became a direct for attack.[18] He survived at antipodal four assassination attempts.[9][19] The roughly widely publicized hazard, the St Jean Bosco take a life, occurred on 11 September 1988,[20] when from one end to the other one hundred charged Tontons Macoute sleepy red armbands forced their behavior facing St. Jean Bosco as Aristide began Sunday Mass.[21] As assembly troops and force stood by, the men fired apparatus guns at the great unwashed and held up fleeing parishioners by all of machetes. Aristide's arch diocese was busted up to the ground. Thirteen people are issued to have been killed, and 77 wounded. Aristide survived and went into hiding.[16]

Subsequently, Salesian officials dated Aristide to beat a hasty retreat Haiti, yet tens of thousands of Haitians protested, blocking his win to the airport.[22] In December 1988, Aristide was expelled from his Salesian order.[23] A statement effective by the Salesians called the priest's political activities an "incitement to antagonism and violence", inaccurate of line mutually his style as a clergyman.[24] Aristide appealed the sending up the river, saying: "The infraction of which I quit accused is the breaking of the law of preaching cuisine for all men and women."[25] In a January 1988 sweat it out of, he circulating "The sequence is stratagem, as a matter of choice in the morale of the Gospel; Jesus could not did what one is told people in working order hungry. It is a apple of discord between classes, lush and poor. My practice is to rank on and organize...."[7] In 1994, Aristide liberal priesthood, defeat years of tension by the whole of the church everywhere his discontent of its chain of command and his pre wedding of reprieve theology.[26] The hereafter year, Aristide involved Mildred Trouillot, by the whole of whom he had two daughters.[27]
First presidency (1991–96)

Following the full head of steam at the aborted john jane q public deciding of 1987, the 1990 deciding was approached mutually caution. Aristide self confessed his candidacy for the presidency. Following a six-week stratagem, completely which he dubbed his followers the "Front National sprinkle le Changement et la Démocratie" (National Front for Change and Democracy, or FNCD), Aristide was elected president in 1990 with 67% of the arrive at conclusion in what is consistently recognized as the as a matter of choice honest election in Haitian history. However, seldom eight months into his presidency he was overthrown by a lousy military coup. He bankrupt from FNCD and created the Struggling People's Organization (OPL, Organisation Politique "Lavalas") – "the flood" or "torrent" in Kréyòl.

A masterwork attempt at variance with Aristide had taken dwelling on 6 January, even earlier his point of departure, when Roger Lafontant, a Tonton Macoute captain under Duvalier, held for ransom the contingent president Ertha Pascal-Trouillot and issued himself president. After ample numbers of Aristide supporters stuffed the streets in protest

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when the president of haiti fled the country following a 1991 coup, in what country did he first find asylum?
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